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Monday, 6 January 2014

Aihan Timor, Zero Kimia, 100% Organiku

Hosi: Antero Benedito da Silva
Direitor, Peace Studies, UNTL
Aihan natoon, kualidade mak aas, saúde mos diak, mak ideal ba família hotu. Maske nunee, kultura globalizasaun no politika Ministeriu Agrikultura  e Florestais (MAF) Timor nian fo atensaun liu ba kuantidade aihan ho orientasaun exporta nian nunee naturalmente minimiza kestaun kualidade aihan. Ajensia Não Governamentais sira no Uniaun Agrikultura Ermera nian (UNAER) halo tentativas promove modelu alternativu inkluindu promove fini lokal maibe sira nian kbiit oituan liu atu produz resultado.
Ministeriu Agrikultura servisu ho ACIAR (Agensia Peskiza Australiana) no ajensia internasionais sira seluk hodi promove politika neebe, karik, ita bele bolu revolusaun matak (Green Revolution), neebe lao nanis ona iha Europa maibe foin konesidu liu iha Asia hahu tinan 1950 resin. Politika kuda hare iha zona rai tetuk, zona tasi nian, hafoin Funu Mundial Daruak, hodi hasae produsaun hare mak história dahuluk Revolusaun Matak iha Timor Lorosae.  Revolusaun Matak, tuir lolos, monu ona tanba agirukultor kiik oan sira sai dependenti ba Fini híbrida no ohin loron hanaran GMOs Crops (Aihan Genetically Modified Organism) neebe kompania sira iha Europa no Norte Amerika mak produz liu husi prosesu kimia.  Dalabarak, fini aihan sira nee kompania sira identifica husi nasaun Sul sira, hafoin sira halo kaben liu husi prosesu kimia hodi hamosu variedade foun, hafoin faan fali ba rai seluk.  Ema seluk labele produz variedade hanesan tanba direitu intelektual sira nian nee, protezida iha World Trade Organization (WTO) neebe mos kompania no nasaun riku mak kontrola. Nuudar ezemplu, fontes MAF  nian balun haktuir katak tinan hirak kotuk ba Austaliano ida naran Brian, halo tentativa patenizasaun (atu sai nain) ba batar neebe nia hetan iha Aileu neebe povu nian  no sira kuda desde bei ala nian tempu, hodi hanaran fali Brian Corn (Batar Brian).
Kompania multinacional neebe boot liu mak Monsanto iha EUA, neebe mak suplai fini ba mundu tomak. Bainhira prosesu halakon fini lokal liu husi patenizasaun no redistribuisaun fini híbrida ou GMOs Crops final ona, toos nain sira sei moris dependenti ba fini sira nee ba nafatin. MAF tinan ba tinan sosa fini, trator, no adubu husi liur, ho hamosu kampane Povo Kuda, Governu sosa! Foin lalais media fo sai katak fini fehuk ropa balun sai dodok deit, no tinan 2014 MAF husu osan $2millaun hodi sosa fini no importa foos, maske suplai aihan sei natoon hela, Se  nesidade foos mais ou menos 100,000 toneladas, entaun dadus, agrikultor sira sei produz foos 40,000 tonelas, batar 100,000 resin toneladas,  aifarina 80000 tonelas, no aihan sira seluk neebe bele taka necessidade foos nian. Problema mak oinsa mak transforma hanoin ida katak hamlaha nee identiku ho la han foos.
Parte negativu seluk iha revolusaun matak, mak laos deit agrikultores sira dependenti iha área makinas sira hanesan trator ou seluk seluk tan, maibe mos dependenti iha uzu adubu kimia no uzu pesticida hodi oho moras sira neebe sei naturalmente hamosu husi uzu adubu kimia no GMOs, nuudar pakote ida. Ohin loron, aihan sira neebe ita sosa husi  merkadu lokal hanesan modo mutin no fehuk midar sira, barak mak produz ho adubu kimia (iha beneno ona), no dependenti ba fini hybrida/GMOs. Ita seidauk hare inisiativu MAF hodi dezenvolve adubu orgnika, maske ida nee possível. Timor oan balun, ho sira nian esforsu rasik, produz ona adubu organika iha área Tibar nian, ho kompania naran HAMOS HABOKUR HAMATAK RAI, Unipessoal, Lda, no sira faan plastik ida 2dollar, no hatudu esperiensia suksesu kualitativu nee sei presiza apoiu atu haboot sira nian produsaun.
Revolusaun matak mos hamosu mekanismu basar hodi promove sira nian aihan kimia sira. Kultura fast food (Burger King, Kentucky Fried Chicken no McDonald) ho sira nian produto sira hanesan Cococola, Fried Chien, Pepsi (konesidu iha Filipina), sai influensial tebes iha mundu. Sira halo kampane merkadu neebe agressivu tebes. Loron hirak liu ba nai ulun RDTL nian balun mak halo avertura ba Burger King iha Timor Plaza. Alem de uza figura publiku, jogador internacional sira iha sira nian iklan, fast food ninian influensia seluk mak masmidar no bokur neebe laos deit produz unhealthy food, maibe mos hamosu ema nian kaanou hakarak neebe demais liu atu sosa bebeik, no aumenta sira nian isin bokur neebe sei reduz tinan moris.
Tinan hirak liu ba, RTP fo sai katak Portuguese no Europeu sira neebe idade 40 ba leten, 40 pursentu mak hetan moras kankru, neebe konsideradu epidemika (afeta ema barak liu ona) hanesan mos HIV/AIDs iha kontinenti Afrika.  Iha Amerika, Fuma Sigaru no konsumu aihan kimia no fast food sira, mak sai kausa maior ba ema mate. Moras sira neebe asosiadu ho aihan kimia sira nee mak bokur hodi produz tensaun aas no diabetes (kanek bem daet ba isin tomak). Sidadaun Amerikanu sira lori kazu ba tribunal hasoru kompania no restaurante sira neebe produz aihan sira nee, hodi kria polemika iha sosiedade. Karik, autoridade saúde sira presiza hatene kontiudu aihan mak timor oan sira konsumi husi supermekadu sira.
Nunee mos, bainhira ema moras ba hospital, kompania Farmasia privadu sira mos mak neebe liga ho Monsanto no TNCs (Transnational Corporations) sira seluk mos mak produz aimoruk, neebe ninian kontiudu ita laiha kontrola mos. Nunee, ita hatene ona katak kompania sira laos deit kontrala sistema produsaun no fini, maibe sira mos mak kontrola sistema merkadu (distribuisaun) liu husi loke supermerkadu sira etc, no sira mos mak hatene mos saída kausa husi aihan sira nee, no medisina oinsa mak bele kura moras sira nee. Timor sei iha vantagem, maioria produto sei organika. Aihan Timor neebe Zero Kimia, katak 100% Organiku, nesesita sai visaun ida ba Revolusaun Metan (black revolution), ou revolusaun matak versaun timor nian, iha sektor agrikultura no aihan nian. Timor bele kalae, produz aihan baarak maibe organika, atu aseguru futuru jerasaun timor neebe saudável.
Tatoli Tinan Foun 2014 mak Justa no solidariu ba Leitores sira hotu!

Linking Environmental Sociology to Timorese Universities

Elsa J. Araujo Pinto
Post-Graduate student in Peace Studies

Environmental Sociology is a new topic emerged in the field of sociology science in 1970s. Sociologists came into a conclusion that it was important to put more attention to the environmental issues. As stated in Hannigan (1995), the term of Environmental Sociology was first used in 1971 by  Samuel Klausner in his book “On Man in His Environment”.

As we can see in recent years there are many natural disasters occur in all over the world such as: long dry season, heavy rain, landslides, typhoon, tsunami, flood etc. The fatal effects that it can bring are diseases to human health (old and new one), increase in sea level, famine and death. These all have direct impact to the live of human being, animal and plants. As it happens often, environmental sociologists, scholars, government, NGO and the international agencies put more attention and effort in dealing with the environmental issues, especially with the emerging issue of  ‘climate change’.  

Reflecting on the environmental sociology, it is really interesting  for the writer to put more attention on the relationship between human being and nature in the environmental sociology. It is because most of the time human beings attempt to act as the controller for the nature. They think that they have got all the power to control the nature by using their knowledge and ability in creating, inventing and modifying everything that belong to nature, all of this have done through the technology they have created.

 However, as the time goes by, things are changing. The nature comes to show how powerful it is. Now days,  human being has to change the idea of ‘the controller’ of the nature, because it is proved  that human being can’t take control and will never take control on the nature.

Let us take the example on the earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan in March 11, 2011 in Tohoku area. It caused death, injury, damage in infrastructure but it also destroyed the power plan energy and endangers human’s life and also the environment. In fact this power plant was examined and the government of Japan was really sure that it’s safe for human and environmental, however it turned out the other way around when it was hit by Tsunami. Instead of suffering from the earthquake and tsunami only, people have to suffer from the effect of the power plant that has destroyed their agricultural land. Human beings are able to invent things to make their live easier but they don’t really consider the effect to the nature. We have examined, planed and considered other aspects yet most of the time we failed to consider the power of nature. This is as an example out of other cases occurred around this planet.  

The Tsuname and Fukushima experiences simply show that the ideal relationship between human being and nature is as a complementary not as a controller. There should be the balance in exploiting and giving back to the nature. Nature provides so much for human being, such as water, land, air, trees, crops, animals and etc. we admit it or not, human being is a part of nature. Let us check it together, land where we stand, air that we are taking right now, water and food for living, all are from the nature.  So, human being is one of the inhabitants in this nature or in a big scale is what we call ‘planet’. Human being takes part to it and should act as complementary, not as controller. This simple thought proves the position of human being as the complementary.

To respond to the climate change as new issue emerged in 21 century, we do have to act as complementary. Yes, climate change is the evidence that the nature has responded negatively to our human behaviors. It’s the way of nature to communicate to its inhabitant especially human beings for not acting as controller.

Climate change is a real problem and we need a real solution. We should start with is by changing our relationship with nature. Be friendly for the planet where we live. Let us, the human being, be the complementary for the nature, because we have only one planet to live now and for our next generation. Our Universities in Timor particularly should adopt environmental sociology as a field of study. It is still not that late to act. So, act NOW!



Friday, 3 January 2014

Timor Leste: Ameasa Interna no Externa


                            Ekonomikamente agente infiltrada destroi Estadu Timor 


Buat Ida pratica espionage hasoru interesse nasional Timor Leste nian laos  buat ida foun. Tuir hau nia observasaun, hourik uluk kedas, bainhira sei iha faze luta ba ukun rasik-an mos iha ona pratika espionajen hosi nasaun boot hasoru lideres Timor no activista independentista liu2 sira nebe halo luta iha Frente Clandestina no Frente Diplomatica. Iha momento neba, governo Indonesia ho ninia aliados sira sosa intelijente hosi rai seluk hodi naok informasaun: laptop, mobile phone, pc, etc hosi mala Clandestina no mala Diplomatica Timoroan nian. Buat sira ne'e hotu akontese tamba iha tentativa atu blokeia ou trava movimento independentista Timoroan nian ba ukun rasik-an. 

Ohin loron, hafoin tiha tinan 12 ukun rasik-an, kontinua existi pratika espionajem kontra soberania Timor tamba Timor iha ninia riku soin. Ne'e duni laos novidades kuandu ita rona konaba practica espionajem hasoru interesse nasional Timor Leste nian.

Pratika espionajem atraves hosi dalan legal no illegal. Buat sira ne'e hotu em nome dos interesse espionajem sira ne'e, sira konsidera normal. Sira tama atraves hosi meios governantes, politikus, empresarios, lsm, Igreja, etc.. Infelizmente ita nia Estadu sei fragil hela i ita nia sociedadi sei pura (virgem) hela. Ne'e duni laiha meios sufisiente atu atua kontra pratika espionajem sira ne'e. Sira hanoin katak pratika espionajem sira ne'e legal i normal.


Iha ultimo tinan 2013, Timor Leste hasoru ameasa oi-oin, konserteza iha 2014 kontinua existi ameasa hasoru Timor, liu2 ameasa hasoru soberania tasi Timor. I, atu remata tinan 2014, Estadu lakon tiha ona osan milhoes de milhoes.

Tuir lolos Estado Timor tenki hatene katak moris ne'e hanesan game ou jogo ida. Moris ne'e hanesan catur. Ne'e duni, Estadu Timor kuandu halo jogo tenki manan, tenki sai campiaun. Se Estadu Timor la manan iha jogo ida nia laran, ne'e tamba Estadu sei fraku, sei fragil.

Tuir hau nia observasaun, duranti ne'e Estadu Timor sei fraku tamba Estadu la hatene kontrola ninia sidadaun rasik. No mos Estadu la hatene kontrola sidadaun estranjeiru nebe moris iha Timor. Iha konstituisaun hateten katak sidadaun hotu2 inklui ema estranjeiru tenki moris iha Estadu nia okos. Maibe, iha pratika sidadaun sira (at liu tan sidadaun estranjeiru) mak kontrola, manipula no explora Estadu Timor. Estadu Timor husik deit sidadaun estranjeiru livre i halo buat hotu konforme sira ninia hakarak. Buat ida ne'e mak ita bolu pratika espionajem hodi destroi ita ninia rain.

Pratika espionajem liu hosi destroi povo ninia moral. Ohin loron ita hare'e distribuisaun livre film pornografia, droga, etc.
Politikamente governantes sira halai tuir ritmo nebe ita bolu KKN (Kolusaun, Korupsaun no Nepotismu) hodi kria ona mentalidadi ida katak ema tenki naok mak bele moris.
Ekonomikamente povo ninia moris destruida. Sector agrikultura rasik ohin loron importa sasan barak tebes hodi hamate povo ninia moris. Tenki iha ema balun mak hatama sasan sira ne'e mas infelizmente laiha meios hodi kombate. Ai-han prima nebe bele hetan iha Timor infelizmente importa hotu hosi rai liur.
Koalia konaba sector justisa Timor Leste nia lei sei fraku tebes.

Buat sira ne'e hotu sai tiha ona ameasa ida ba Estadu Timor.  Ne'e duni Estadu Timor tenki hadia lalais ou muda lalais ninia sistema atu nune bele kombate hasoru ameasa externa no interna. 


Hanesan cidadao Timor, hau iha obrigasaun atu fo'o hau nia observasaun konaba situasaun actual iha Timor Leste. 

 Buat sira ne'e hotu mak ita bolu partisapasaun ativa sidadaun nian hodi dezenvolve rai Timor.

Ne'e duni, selain Timor Leste hasoru ameasa externa tamba riku soin iha tasi Timor, Timor Leste mos hasoru ameasa interna. 

PM Xanana Gusmao ema Ida extraordinaria, aman ba nasaun, legendario ba rai no povo Timor. Maibe, nia mesak deit labele halo buat ida. Persiza ema matenek ho nasionalista bo'ot iha nia sorin hodi hadia sistema nebe oras ne'e rungu ranga no fraku hela.  Kazu kontrariu, espionajem sira ne'e sei  halo ameasa interna sai boot i perigozu.

Hanesan cidadao Timor iha obrigasaun moral atu fo'o kontribuisaun hodi hamenus ameasa interna no externa.

Semana diak Timor Leste. 

C.O